This week I participated in some great professional development about text structures, led by my colleague, MaryAnn Tatarunas. She explained that student understanding of text will improve when they are directly taught five text structures. Each of the five text structures can be identified by key phrases that are included in the text and they can be better understood by considering certain key questions.
Here is a quick rundown of the five text structures:
- Causation: cause and effect relationships are explored, phrases like “as a result as” and “because of” are often used
- Comparison: things are compared or contrasted, phrases like “alike” and “different” and “as opposed to” are often used
- Description: information about a topic is presented, words like “characteristics” or “properties” or “qualities” are often used
- Problem/Solution: a problem and solution are explored, words like “answer” or “response” or “puzzle” are often used
- Sequence: an order of events is presented, words like “before” and “after” and “finally” are often used.
MaryAnn shared sample reading assignments with us for each of the text structures and then showed examples of graphic organizers that could be used with students to help them better understand the text and recognize these text structures.
I was so inspired by the practical tips that MaryAnn shared with us that I created fifteen Google drawing templates of some of these graphic organizers. They are color-coded by text structure. You can access them here. To use them, go to the file menu and select “make a copy” to make your own editable copy of the organizer. Google drawings are under-utilized but I really like them. They can be distributed through Google classroom or with Doctopus so that each student gets his/her own copy for individual work. Also, teachers can add text blocks in the gray space on either side of the drawing canvas to create drag-and-drop experiences because the stuff in the gray space gets shared right along with the drawing on the canvas.
It’s standardized testing season in Ohio. We just wrapped up testing at my school, but at this time of year, we are all reminded about the importance of helping students use all available strategies to be successful on these tests. Certainly teaching students to recognize text structures and apply appropriate graphic organizers will improve reading comprehension, a handy skill to have at test time.
Feel free to copy and share these graphic organizers. I will be adding more to the collection in the coming months.